Diabetes & Obesity

Product name

Intact Proinsulin (TECO®)

Cat-Nr.TE1012
Range~ 3 – 100 pmol/l
Sensitivity0.3 pmol/l
Incubation time2.5 hours
Sample volume50 µl
Sample type

Serum, EDTA / Heparin plasma, cell culture

Sample preparation

Fasting blood sample collection.
Due to higher stability, EDTA or heparin plasma samples are preferred to serum samples.
Plasma: the sample collection can take place in HbA1C-tubes.
These samples are stable at room temperature and should be centrifuged within 48 hours. Plasma should be used in the assay or can be stored in aliquots, stable > 2 years at -20 °C.
Serum: centrifuge whole blood within 4 hours. Proteases degrade intact proinsulin in serum, do not store longer than 1 day at 2-8 °C.
Serum should be used in the assay or can be stored in aliquots at -20 °C.
Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.

Reference values

After fasting: mean 3.99 pmol/l +/- 1.58 SD
                               ≤ 11 pmol/l (normal secretion)
                               > 11 pmol/l (dysfunction of secretion)

Species

Human

Specificity

No cross-reactivity has been observed:
 

Human Insulin < 10 000 pmol/l
Human C-Peptide 50 000 pmol/l
Des (31,32) - Proinsulin < 200 pmol/l
Split (32,33) - Proinsulin 5000 pmol/l
Des (64,65) - Proinsulin*  200 pmol/l
Split (65,66) - Proinsulin 1000 pmol/l

* not present in Serum and Plasma samples
 

Tests96 tests
MethodELISA
Intended use

Proinsulin is produced in the pancreatic ß-cells and is normally further processed to insulin and C-peptide. It is only seen in low concentrations in the plasma of healthy subjects. An increase in the insulin demand, as provided by insulin resistance in later stages of type 2 diabetes mellitus, can result in increased expression of proinsulin into the blood. Intact proinsulin is rapidly degraded, but is considered to be an independent cardiovascular risk factor. The intact molecule and its degradation products are known to block fibrinolysis because of plasminogen-activator inhibitor (PAI-1) stimulation. In clinical practice, fasting morning intact proinsulin can be used as highly specific indicator of clinically relevant insulin resistance, to serve as the basis for the selection of an insulin resistance therapy, and to monitor the therapeutic effect on ß-cell dysfunction. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with elevated fasting intact proinsulin levels should be regarded and treated as insulin resistant, in order to reduce the risk for further cardiovascular damage.
Elevated fasting intact proinsulin levels may also be seen in patients with insulinoma, a benign insulin producing tumor of the pancreas.

• Diabetes II
• Staging of insulin resistance and b-cell dysfunction
• Therapy selection
• Therapy monitoring
• Identification of high risk patients for CAD
• Polycystic ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
• Insulinoma

Product informations

Proinsulin is produced in the pancreatic ß-cells and is normally further processed to insulin and C-peptide. Intact Proinsulin in blood is a biomarker for the ß-cell dysfunction and therefor an early biomarker  for insulin resistance and type II diabetes . In prediabetic patients intact proinsulin gives indication for the later development of type II diabetes. Intact Proinsulin is considered to be an independent cardiovascular risk factor and also an indicator for insulinoma. The Intact Proinsulin ELISA is suitable to measure intact Proinsulin in human serum and plasma.

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